6 Common Snakes Found in the Sabine River Region

Introduction: The Sabine River, spanning across parts of Texas and Louisiana, is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including several species of snakes.

These snakes play an essential role in the ecosystem, but it’s important to understand and recognize them to ensure a safe coexistence.

In this article, we’ll discuss six common snake species found in the Sabine River region, providing information about their characteristics, habitats, and behaviors.

Western Cottonmouth :

Characteristics: Venomous pit viper, with a dark-colored, thick body and a white mouth.

Habitat: Found near water bodies like rivers, swamps, and marshes.

Behavior: Often seen basking on logs or rocks near water, primarily feeding on fish and amphibians.

Texas Rat Snake

Characteristics: Non-venomous snake, slender with brown or gray scales and dark blotches.

Habitat: Varied habitats including forests, grasslands, and rocky areas.

Behavior: An excellent climber, often seen in trees, and feeds on rodents and birds’ eggs.

Diamondback Water Snake

Characteristics: Non-venomous aquatic snake with a diamond-like pattern on its back.

Habitat: Commonly found in or near freshwater habitats such as rivers, ponds, and lakes.

Behavior: Eats fish and amphibians and is known for its excellent swimming skills.

Eastern Hognose Snake

Characteristics: Non-venomous, with an upturned snout and a distinct flattened neck.

Habitat: Prefers sandy areas, grasslands, and forests.

Behavior: Known for its dramatic display of feigning death when threatened, often feeds on amphibians and eggs.

Broad-Banded Water Snake

Characteristics: Non-venomous, with distinctive dark bands across a light body.

Habitat: Frequently seen in or near water bodies like rivers, lakes, and streams.

Behavior: Preys on fish and amphibians, and is a proficient swimmer.

Rough Green Snake

Characteristics: Non-venomous, slender and bright green in color with smooth scales.

Habitat: Typically resides in trees and bushes near water sources.

Behavior: Primarily feeds on insects and is known for its excellent climbing ability.


Understanding the various snake species found in the Sabine River region is crucial for both residents and visitors.

While some snakes pose a potential threat due to their venom, others are harmless and play an important role in maintaining a balanced ecosystem.

Awareness and education about these snake species are essential for promoting safety and coexistence with the wildlife in the Sabine River area.

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