8 Oldest Dog Breeds On The Planet

In the vast tapestry of canine history, there exist breeds that have withstood the test of time, embodying centuries of companionship and loyalty. These remarkable creatures, shaped by the hands of history and evolution, are the oldest dog breeds on the planet. Join us on a journey through time as we explore the fascinating origins, characteristics, and enduring charm of these time-honored companions.

1: The Timeless Elegance of the Saluki

Heralded as one of the oldest dog breeds, the Saluki has graced the earth for over 5,000 years. Revered in ancient Egypt for their grace and agility, Salukis were often depicted alongside pharaohs and nobility. With their slender physique and silky coat, these majestic hounds continue to capture hearts with their timeless elegance.

2: Wisdom Wrapped in Wrinkles

The distinctive wrinkles of the Shar-Pei tell a tale of Chinese origin dating back more than 2,000 years. Originally bred for hunting and guarding, these wrinkled wonders have a unique charm that combines wisdom and playfulness. Their loyal nature and distinctive appearance have made them enduring symbols of canine history.

3: The Regal Afghan Hound

With a lineage tracing back to the mountains of Afghanistan, the Afghan Hound stands out as one of the oldest and most regal dog breeds. Renowned for their silky, flowing coat and dignified demeanor, these hounds were cherished by royalty and elite circles. Today, they continue to grace households with their majestic presence and independent spirit.

4: The Devoted Basenji

Venture into the heart of Africa, and you’ll encounter the Basenji, a breed that predates the Egyptian pyramids. Known as the “barkless dog,” Basenjis communicate through a unique yodel-like sound. Their hunting prowess and unwavering loyalty make them not only one of the oldest breeds but also a cherished companion for those who appreciate their distinctive charm.

5: The Enigmatic Shiba Inu

From the Land of the Rising Sun comes the Shiba Inu, a small but mighty breed with roots reaching back over 3,000 years. Originally bred for hunting in Japan’s mountainous terrain, these spirited companions are known for their bold personality and fox-like appearance. Today, Shiba Inus continue to captivate the world with their endearing charm.

6: The Siberian Husky

Transport yourself to the harsh Arctic landscapes, where the Siberian Husky’s ancestors assisted the Chukchi people in sled pulling and transportation. With a history spanning over 3,000 years, these hardworking and resilient dogs are not only a symbol of the North but also cherished family members known for their friendly demeanor and striking blue eyes.

7: The Dignified Chow Chow

Step into the imperial courts of ancient China, and you’ll find the dignified Chow Chow, a breed with roots extending beyond two millennia. Revered for their distinctive lion-like mane and blue-black tongue, Chow Chows were esteemed as guardians of palaces and temples. Today, these regal companions bring their majestic presence to households around the world.


In the kaleidoscope of canine diversity, these eight oldest dog breeds stand as living testaments to the enduring bond between humans and their four-legged companions. From the elegant Saluki to the dignified Chow Chow, each breed carries a rich history that weaves through centuries, showcasing the resilience, loyalty, and timeless charm of our furry friends.


Q: Are these breeds suitable for families?

Absolutely! While each breed has its unique characteristics, many of these ancient breeds make wonderful family pets. Their loyalty and affectionate nature can make them excellent companions for families of all sizes.

Q: Do these breeds require special care due to their age and history?

While some breeds may have specific needs, such as the Afghan Hound’s grooming requirements, most of these dogs thrive on regular exercise, a balanced diet, and, most importantly, love and attention from their owners.

Q: Which of these breeds is the best for first-time dog owners?

The choice depends on individual preferences and lifestyle. Breeds like the Shiba Inu and Siberian Husky may require experienced handlers due to their spirited nature, while others like the Chow Chow and Basenji can be suitable for first-time owners with proper training and care.

Q: Are these breeds prone to specific health issues?

Like any other breed, these ancient dogs may have certain predispositions to health issues. It’s crucial to research each breed’s common health concerns and work closely with veterinarians to ensure the well-being of these furry companions.

Q: Can these ancient breeds adapt to modern living conditions?

Absolutely. While their historical roles may have been diverse, these breeds have proven adaptable to contemporary living. Regular exercise, mental stimulation, and a loving home environment are key factors in ensuring their happiness and well-being.

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