World’s Top 10 Largest Butterflies


Butterflies are some of the most captivating and beautiful insects in the world. Their vibrant colors and delicate wings have fascinated people for centuries.

While most butterflies are known for their small and delicate appearance, there are some truly massive species that are awe-inspiring in their size and beauty.

In this article, we will explore the world’s top 10 largest butterflies, each with its unique characteristics and habitat.

  1. Atlas Moth

The Atlas Moth, native to Southeast Asia, holds the title of being the largest butterfly in terms of wing surface area. With a wingspan that can reach up to 12 inches (30 cm) and a wingspan area that can exceed 60 square inches, this moth is a true giant. Its wings are a reddish-brown color with intricate patterns and translucent patches, making it a sight to behold.

  1. Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing

This stunning butterfly, found in Papua New Guinea, is the largest butterfly in terms of wingspan. With a wingspan that can stretch up to a whopping 1 foot (30 cm), Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing is an extraordinary sight. The males are known for their striking blue-green wings with white markings, while the females have browner wings with yellow spots.

  1. Goliath Birdwing

Another impressive birdwing butterfly, the Goliath Birdwing, resides in the rainforests of Papua New Guinea. It is the second-largest butterfly in the world in terms of wingspan, reaching up to 11 inches (28 cm). These butterflies are known for their striking black and yellow wings, and they are a popular choice among collectors.

  1. South American Giant Swallowtail

Native to Central and South America, the South American Giant Swallowtail is one of the largest swallowtail butterflies globally. It can have a wingspan of up to 7 inches (18 cm) and is characterized by its distinctive yellow and black coloration. This butterfly is known for its slow, graceful flight.

  1. Owl Butterfly

The Owl Butterfly, a group of butterflies native to Central and South America, gets its name from the large eye-like spots on its wings that resemble an owl’s eyes. These butterflies can have a wingspan of up to 8 inches (20 cm) and are known for their brown wings with intricate patterns.

  1. Indian Leafwing

Found in India, Southeast Asia, and parts of Australia, the Indian Leafwing is a large butterfly with a wingspan of around 5 inches (13 cm). What makes this butterfly unique is its leaf-like appearance, which helps it blend into its surroundings to avoid predators.

  1. Rajah Brooke’s Birdwing

Native to Southeast Asia, Rajah Brooke’s Birdwing is a striking butterfly with a wingspan of up to 7 inches (18 cm). It is named after Sir James Brooke, the first White Rajah of Sarawak, and is known for its striking black wings with emerald-green markings.

  1. African Giant Swallowtail

This massive swallowtail butterfly is found in various parts of Africa and has a wingspan that can reach up to 9 inches (23 cm). It is known for its unique shape, with elongated tails on its hindwings and striking yellow and black coloration.

  1. Scarlet Mormon

Native to Southeast Asia, the Scarlet Mormon is a large butterfly with a wingspan of around 4.5 inches (11 cm). It is named for its vivid red coloration and distinctive markings. This butterfly is a true standout in the butterfly world.

  1. White-barred Emperor

Found in Africa, the White-barred Emperor is a large and impressive butterfly with a wingspan of up to 4.7 inches (12 cm). It is characterized by its brown wings with white and yellowish markings, making it a visually appealing species.


Butterflies are a diverse and fascinating group of insects, and these top 10 largest butterflies showcase the remarkable beauty and diversity found in the natural world.

From the enormous wingspan of the Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing to the leaf-like appearance of the Indian Leafwing, each of these butterflies has its unique characteristics and charm.

The world of butterflies continues to inspire awe and wonder, reminding us of the incredible biodiversity that exists on our planet

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