Wine (particularly red), beer, and certain spirits like whiskey and champagne are known migraine triggers for some people. The sulfites, tyramine, and other compounds in alcoholic beverages can be responsible.
While caffeine can sometimes provide relief during a migraine, excessive consumption or caffeine withdrawal can trigger migraines in some individuals.
Cheeses like cheddar, blue cheese, and Parmesan contain tyramine, a compound associated with migraines in some people.
Bacon, salami, and other processed meats contain nitrates and nitrites, which can be migraine triggers for some individuals.
MSG, a flavor enhancer often found in Chinese food and processed foods, is a known migraine trigger for some people.
Some artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame and saccharin, have been linked to migraine attacks in some individuals.
Sauerkraut, kimchi, and other fermented or pickled foods can contain tyramine, which may trigger migraines in susceptible people.
Chocolate contains both caffeine and tyramine, making it a potential migraine trigger for some individuals.